Milk allergy

Allergies to milk is one of the most frequent types of food allergies in children. It is the proteins in the milk, that the child can not tolerate.

It is typical children under 1 year, that develops allergies to milk and milk allergy is seen in about 2 percent of all infants in the first year of life.

Symptoms
Milk allergy symptoms may be:

  • Hives
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Hay fever with symptoms from the eyes and nose
  • Asthma
  • Child eczema

The symptoms most often occurs shortly after the child has been drinking milk or eating anything with milk in, but the reaction may also show later.

Milk allergy is treated with diet
There is no medical treatment that can cure milk allergy. The only treatment of milk allergy is a milk free diet, which excludes all milk from the diet. Just a small amount of milk can cause your child continuously to have symptoms. When the child no longer drinks milk, the symptoms will disappear.

Most grow from milk allergy
Most children grow from milk allergy. 9 out of 10 children with milk allergy can tolerate milk, when they are 3 years. Already in the first year of their life the milk allergy disappears in half of the children.

Hypersensitivity to milk sugar
Allergies to milk is caused be sensitivity to proteins in the milk. You can also be allergic to milk sugar (lactose), which is also found naturally in milk.

The sensitivity to milk sugar is not involving the body’s immune system. The sensitivity is instead due to having too small amounts of the enzyme in the intestine, which splits the lactose, so you to a greater or lesser degree can not absorb milk. The symptoms are abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Hypersensitivity to milk sugar is also known as lactose-malabsorption or lactose-intolerance.